The Academy of Preventive Medicine implemented two nationwide household health surveys in Kazakhstan: the 1995 Kazakhstan Demographic and Health Survey (1995 KDHS) and the 1999 Kazakhstan Demographic and Health Survey (1999 KDHS). The 1995 KDHS and 1999 KDHS were funded by US Agency for International Development (USAID) and United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF). Technical assistance for the program was provided by the MEASURE DHS+ project of Macro International Inc. in the U.S.

In 2012, the Academy implemented another nationally representative household health survey, The 2012 HHS. It was funded by the World Bank and Kazakhstan Health Ministry.

The purpose of the 1995 and 1999 KDHS surveys were to develop a single integrated set of data for the government of Kazakhstan to use in planning effective policies and programs in the areas of health and nutrition. The 1995 and 1999 KDHS surveys were designed to provide current data on women’s reproductive histories; knowledge and use of methods of contraception; breastfeeding practices; and the nutrition, vaccination coverage, and episodes of diseases among their children under the age of five. Information on knowledge of and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, as well as data on men’s reproductive behavior, were also collected in the 1999 KDHS. The survey also included the measurement of the hemoglobin level in the blood to assess the prevalence of anemia, and measurements of height and weight to assess nutritional status (funded by UNICEF).

Both, 1995 KDHS and 1999 KDHS surveys contributed to the growing international database on demographic and health-related variables.

The purpose of 2012 HHS was to provide data to strengthen evidence base for policy making and management responses based on information on health status, utilization, payments, behaviors, attitudes, measurements of blood pressure and other biometrics and to provide valuable insights into how households interact with the health system and how they perceive issues of critical importance to public health.

The objective of the task was to:

• adapt the standard World Bank’s survey instrument /questionnaire to ;
• conduct pre-pilot and finalize the survey instrument;
• develop the sampling strategy;
• implement the survey;
• enter and clean the survey data in a database; and
• conduct data analysis and prepare a survey report

Almaz Sharman, President, Academy of Preventive Medicine
Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 66 Klochkov st, office 601
+7 (727) 317-8855